Clinical Features:Iron deficiency anemia (caused by blood loss at the site of intestinal attachment of the adult worms) is the most common symptom of hookworm infection, and can be accompanied by cardiac complications. Gastrointestinal and nutritional/metabolic symptoms can also occur. In addition, local skin manifestations ("ground itch") can occur during penetration by the filariform (L3) larvae, and respiratory symptoms can be observed during pulmonary migration of the larvae.
Laboratory Diagnosis:Microscopic identification of eggs in the stool is the most common method for diagnosing hookworm infection. The recommended procedure is as follows:
1.- Collect a stool specimen.
2.- Fix the specimen in 10% formalin.
3.- Concentrate using the formalin–ethyl acetate sedimentation technique.
4.- Examine a wet mount of the sediment.