This 1968 photograph, captured during the Nigerian-Biafran civil war, depicted a scenario commonly encountered inside the country’s refugee camps, showing a grouping of small children, there in order to receive treatment for their malnutrition. In 1967, the National Communicable Disease Center (NCDC) was asked to assist the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) in its disease control and death prevention efforts at numerous relief camps outside of the war zone. The NCDC carried out rapid health and nutritional assessments, coordinated the overall health and nutritional response, and implemented surveillance systems to track rates of illness and death. A triage approach was taken when allotting food supplies to camp refugees, which was based on the initial determination of each refugee’s nutritional status. The most serious malnutrition cases were hospitalized in each camp to be rehabilitated.