This historic late 1960s photograph, was captured inside what had been a Nigerian refugee relief camp during the Nigerian-Biafran war. Nasogastric tubes, like the one being used by the child on the right, were implemented when children were too weak to eat on their own. Many of the children who were weak and listless, needed a lot of nursing care, in order to survive. These relief camps provided feeding wards, where doctors, like the National Communicable Disease Center (NCDC) Epidemic Intelligence Service (EIS) officer, Godfrey Oakley, were on call 24-hours a day, monitoring 100 or more, malnourished, stage-four kwashiorkor children. Kwashiorkor sufferers, due to their inadequate dietary protein intake, also show signs of thinning, depigmented hair, or flag sign, edema, inadequate growth, and weight loss.