|Description:||This 1960s photograph shows two children at a Nigerian refugee relief camp during the Nigerian-Biafran war. Nasogastric tubes, like the one being used by the child on the right, were implemented when children were too weak to eat on their own.|
Many of the children who were weak and listless, needed a lot of nursing care to survive. These relief camps provided feeding wards where doctors, like the CDC EIS officer Godfrey Oakley, were on call 24 hours a day, monitoring 100 or more stage-four kwashiorkor children. Kwashiorkor sufferers, due to their inadequate dietary protein intake, also show signs of thinning hair or “Flag Sign”, edema, inadequate growth, and weight loss.