This historic late 1960s photograph depicted a malnourished Nigerian refugee, who was being cared for, while at a relief camp located near the Nigerian-Biafran war zone. In 1967, the National Communicable Disease Center (NCDC) was asked to assist the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) in its disease control and death prevention efforts during the Nigerian-Biafran conflict. A large number of relief camps were established for nutrition assessment, and feeding operations for the local villagers around the war zone. Dr. William H. Foege was the NCDC’s first EIS representative, and served as such from September, until November 1967. Dr. Lyle Conrad replaced him as an EIS administrator in December 1967, and served there until March 1968.