This 2016 image, depicted a young woman standing outdoors, while tying her shoe laces. Zika is spread primarily by the bite of Aedes species mosquitoes (Ae. aegypti and Ae. albopictus). The best way to prevent diseases spread by mosquitoes, is to protect yourself and your family from mosquito bites. Here, the woman was wearing long sleeves and long pants to prevent mosquito bites.