This image was captured during an investigation carried out in order to determine if the population density, and close contact among children, were possible risk factors facilitating measles transmission throughout Kampung Dalam Village, in Pontianak, West Kalimantan, Indonesia, in July, 2011. The photograph was submitted by Indonesian Field Epidemiology Training Program (IFETP) resident, I. Wayan Sugihana, who was a member of the investigative team.
“Measles is a highly contagious virus that lives in the nose and throat mucus of an infected person. It can spread to others through coughing and sneezing. Also, measles virus can live for up to two hours in an airspace where the infected person coughed or sneezed. If other people breathe the contaminated air or touch the infected surface, then touch their eyes, noses, or mouths, they can become infected. Measles is so contagious that if one person has it, 90% of the people close to that person who are not immune will also become infected.”
“Infected people can spread measles to others from four days before through four days after the rash appears>.”
For more on measles, or the FETP, see the links below.