This photograph shows Haitian Field Epidemiology Training Program (HFETP) resident, and medical epidemiologist, Samson Marseille, M.D., as he was in the process of investigating an outbreak of acute bloody diarrhea in Valadon, in the commune of Arcahaie, Haiti, April, 2012. Haiti sustained severe damage to its infrastructure after it was struck by the 2010, 7.0 magnitude earthquake.
“Increased incidence of acute diarrhea may occur in post-disaster situations where access to electricity, clean water, and sanitary facilities are limited. In addition, usual hygiene practices may be disrupted and healthcare seeking behaviors may be altered.”
“The primary goal of treating any form of diarrhea—viral, bacterial, parasitic, or non-infectious—is preventing dehydration or appropriately rehydrating persons presenting with dehydration. The following are general guidelines for healthcare providers for the evaluation and treatment of patients presenting with acute diarrhea in these situations. However, specific patient treatment should be determined on the basis of the healthcare provider’s clinical judgment. Any questions should be directed to the local health department.”
See the links below for more on the “Guidelines for the Management of Acute Diarrhea after a Disaster”, or the FETP.