|Description:||This schematic diagram from the book, ”Infectious Diseases of Children”, by Saul Krugman and Robert Ward, 4th ed. St. Louis, Mosby, 1968, depicts the classic distribution pattern of a measles, or rubeola rash on the human body. The first day of the rash distribution is seen on the right side of this generic human male figure, while the distribution manifested by the third day can been seen on the figure’s left side.|
Measles can be prevented by the combination MMR (measles, mumps, and rubella) vaccine. In the decade before the measles vaccination program began, an estimated 3–4 million people in the United States were infected each year, of whom 400–500 died, 48,000 were hospitalized, and another 1,000 developed chronic disability from measles encephalitis. Widespread use of measles vaccine has led to a greater than 99% reduction in measles cases in the United States compared with the pre-vaccine era, and in 2009, only 71 cases of measles were reported in the United States.