|Description:||This patient presented in a clinical setting with a case of lepromatous leprosy, here, revealing one of the complications of this disease, staphyloma of the left eyeball. A staphyloma involves the protrusion of the wall of the eyeball, exhibiting a dark coloration due to the fact that the inner wall of the globe is pigmented, and pushed towards its surface. This degeneration to the globe is a direct result of this illness, and is caused by the bacterium, Mycobacterium leprae.|
Under the newer World Health Organization (WHO) standards, this type of leprosy is classified as multibacillary (MB), leprosy. MB leprosy is characterized by generalized, or diffuse involvement of the skin. Under microscopic examination, one will find a thickening of the peripheral nerves. This condition has the potential to involve other organs including the eyes, nose, testes, and bone. Ulcerated nodules release large numbers of M. leprae bacteria.