The infant pictured here, had been hospitalized due to a disseminated histoplasmosis infection. Note the areas of skin discoloration dispersed over all regions of the patient’s body, which are known as purpura, as well as other skin lesions. See PHIL 19422, and 20335, for additional views of this patient’s condition.
Histoplasmosis is a disease caused by the thermally dimorphic fungus, Histoplasma capsulatum. Its symptoms vary greatly, but the disease primarily affects the lungs. Occasionally, other organs are affected, and it is this form of the disease that is called “disseminated histoplasmosis”, which can be fatal if untreated. The disseminated form of this disease usually affects patient’s with a compromised immune system, or very young children, or the elderly.