|Description:||This photomicrographic collage depicts the karyotype that would represent the chromosomal configuration seen in a human being with what is known as a chromosome 17 inversion. A chromosomal inversion occurs when a chromosome breaks in two places, and the piece of genetic material broken away is flipped around and reinserted into the same chromosome. Either the broken section can include the centromere, which is known as pericentric, or not include the centromere, which is known as paracentric.|
A karyotype represents a complete set of chromosomes in each and every eukaryote cell of an individual organism. The chromosomes are arranged in pairs, and aligned using the position of each chromosome’s centromere. Pairs are then arranged into groups “A” through “G”, based on size.