|Description:||This image depicts a right lateral view of an elderly male patient in a clinical setting who’d tilted his head backwards, thereby, revealing the nasal deformation known as “tapir nose”, which occurred due to an erosion of the nasal septum, which is better seen from a frontal view in PHIL 15064. The septal erosion was determined to be due to mucocutaneous leismaniasis (MCL).|
Leishmaniasis includes two major diseases, cutaneous Leishmaniasis (CL) and visceral Leishmaniasis (VL), caused by more than 20 different leishmanial species.
CL, the most common form of the disease, causes skin ulcers. VL causes a severe systemic disease that is usually fatal without treatment. Mucocutaneous Leishmaniasis (MCL) is a rare but severe form affecting the nasal and oral mucosa.
Leishmaniasis is transmitted by the bite of small insects called sand flies. Many leishmanial species infect animals as well as humans. The distribution is world-wide, but 90% of visceral leishmaniasis cases occur in India, Bangladesh, Nepal, Sudan, Ethiopia and Brazil, while 90% of cutaneous leishmaniasis cases occur in Afghanistan, Algeria, Iran, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Brazil, Colombia, Peru and Bolivia.