|Description:||Seen from a posterior perspective, this patient had contracted a nocardiosis infection of his right upper arm due to Gram-positive Nocardia brasiliensis bacteria, which had manifested into a cellulitic inflammation known as an actinomycotic mycetoma. See PHIL 14738 and 14740 for anterior and lateral views respectively.|
Overall, 80% of nocardiosis cases present as invasive pulmonary infection, disseminated infection, or brain abscess; 20% present as cellulitis. Pulmonary infection commonly presents with fever, cough, or chest pain. Central nervous system (CNS) symptoms include headache, lethargy, confusion, seizures, or sudden onset of neurologic deficit.