Cryptococcosis is an infection caused by fungi that belong to the genus Cryptococcus. There are over 30 different species of Cryptococcus, but two species – Cryptococcus neoformans and Cryptococcus gattii – cause nearly all cryptococcal infections in humans and animals. Although many people who develop cryptococcosis have weakened immune systems, some are previously healthy.
What are the Symptoms of Cryptococcosis?
Infection with C. neoformans may cause a pneumonia-like illness. Symptoms include shortness of breath, cough, and fever. C. neoformans can also infect the central nervous system and cause inflammation of the brain and meninges, which is called meningoencephalitis. Symptoms of a central nervous infection may include fever, headache, or a change in mental status. If you experience symptoms that you think may be related to Cryptococcus neoformans, it is important to see your doctor right away.