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Description:The woman pictured here, was researching what appeared to be a graphic design-based project, and was using both conventional hard copy text books, as well as her laptop computer in order to investigate offerings found on the Internet.

In order to avoid workplace-related repetitive motion injuries, here are some OSHA recommendations to follow:

Good Working Positions

To understand the best way to set up a computer workstation, it is helpful to understand the concept of neutral body positioning. This is a comfortable working posture in which your joints are naturally aligned. Working with the body in a neutral position reduces stress and strain on the muscles, tendons, and skeletal system and reduces your risk of developing a musculoskeletal disorder (MSD). The following are important considerations when attempting to maintain neutral body postures while working at the computer workstation:
- Hands, wrists, and forearms are straight, in -line and roughly parallel to the floor.

- Head is level, or bent slightly forward, forward facing, and balanced. Generally it is in-line with the torso.

- Shoulders are relaxed and upper arms hang normally at the side of the body.

- Elbows stay in close to the body and are bent between 90 and 120 degrees.

- Feet are fully supported by floor or footrest.

- Back is fully supported with appropriate lumbar support when sitting vertical or leaning back slightly.

- Thighs and hips are supported by a well-padded seat and generally parallel to the floor.

- Knees are about the same height as the hips with the feet slightly forward.

High Resolution: Click here for hi-resolution image (11.52 MB)
Content Providers(s):CDC/ Amanda Mills
Creation Date:2011
Photo Credit:Amanda Mills
Links:U.S. Department of Labor; Occupational Safety & Health Administration
CDC – Division of Diabetes Translation; National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion; Vision Health Initiative (VHI)
CDC Organization
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Copyright Restrictions:None - This image is in the public domain and thus free of any copyright restrictions. As a matter of courtesy we request that the content provider be credited and notified in any public or private usage of this image.