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Description:This image depicts the hands of a female student, or researcher who was performing tasks using her laptop computer. Off in the background, her eyeglasses had been set atop an open book.

In order to avoid workplace-related repetitive motion injuries, here are some OSHA recommendations to follow:

Good Working Positions

To understand the best way to set up a computer workstation, it is helpful to understand the concept of neutral body positioning. This is a comfortable working posture in which your joints are naturally aligned. Working with the body in a neutral position reduces stress and strain on the muscles, tendons, and skeletal system and reduces your risk of developing a musculoskeletal disorder (MSD). The following are important considerations when attempting to maintain neutral body postures while working at the computer workstation:
- Hands, wrists, and forearms are straight, in -line and roughly parallel to the floor.

- Head is level, or bent slightly forward, forward facing, and balanced. Generally it is in-line with the torso.

- Shoulders are relaxed and upper arms hang normally at the side of the body.

- Elbows stay in close to the body and are bent between 90 and 120 degrees.

- Feet are fully supported by floor or footrest.

- Back is fully supported with appropriate lumbar support when sitting vertical or leaning back slightly.

- Thighs and hips are supported by a well-padded seat and generally parallel to the floor.

- Knees are about the same height as the hips with the feet slightly forward.

High Resolution: Click here for hi-resolution image (11.52 MB)
Content Providers(s):CDC/ Amanda Mills
Creation Date:2011
Photo Credit:Amanda Mills
Links:U.S. Department of Labor; Occupational Safety & Health Administration
CDC – Division of Diabetes Translation; National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion; Vision Health Initiative (VHI)
CDC Organization
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Copyright Restrictions:None - This image is in the public domain and thus free of any copyright restrictions. As a matter of courtesy we request that the content provider be credited and notified in any public or private usage of this image.