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Description:From the “Illustrated Manual for the Recognition and Diagnosis of Certain Animal Diseases”, published in 1982, by the Mexico-United States Commission for the Prevention of Foot and Mouth Disease, this photograph, taken during a necropsy, depicts the interior of a bovine’s small intestine, revealing the hemorrhages and erosive lesions, scattered atop the small intestinal mucosa due to a bovine viral diarrhea (BVD) infection.
“BVD is an infectious disease of cattle, manifested clinically by an acute, erosive stomatitis, gastroenteritis and diarrhea. The virus responsible for this disease is a member of the family, Flaviviridae and the genus Pestivirus. Cattle are the only species affected by this particular virus. BVD lesions are confined to the alimentary tract. Characteristic shallow erosions, with very little inflammation around them, and with a raw, red base are present on the muzzle, in the mouth, pharynx, larynx, posterior nares, esophagus, rumen, omasum, abomasum, cecum, and less commonly in the small intestine. There may be erythema of the mucosa, and submucosal hemorrhages in the abomasum. These hemorrhages may affect the small intestine, and particularly the cecum and colon, causing the coloration to be marked in the mucosal folds, giving a stripped appearance similar to that seen in Rinderpest.”
High Resolution: Click here for hi-resolution image (18.35 MB)
Content Providers(s):CDC/ Dr. Jerry J. Callis, PIADC/Dr. Brian W.J. Mahy, CDC
Creation Date:1982
Photo Credit:
Links:Plum Island Animal Disease Center (PIADC) - United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) – Agricultural Research Service (ARS) – U.S. Department of Homeland Security
CDC Organization
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Copyright Restrictions:None - This image is in the public domain and thus free of any copyright restrictions. As a matter of courtesy we request that the content provider be credited and notified in any public or private usage of this image.