|Description:||Magnified 500X, this photomicrograph revealed the presence of, thin, septate, hyaline or glass-like hyphae, from which numerous, thick-walled Coccidioides immitis arthroconidia have sprouted. The average arthrospore measures 3.0 x 4.5µm, and is barrel-shaped.|
What is coccidioidomycosis?
Coccidioidomycosis, also known as Valley Fever, is a fungal disease caused by Coccidioides species. These organisms live in the soil of semiarid areas. It is endemic in areas such as the southwestern United States, parts of Mexico and South America. It is a reportable disease in states where the disease is endemic, such as California, New Mexico, Arizona and Nevada. Of people who live in an endemic region, about 10-50% will have evidence of exposure to Coccidioides.