Who gets blastomycosis?
Persons in areas with endemic disease with exposures to wooded sites (e.g., farmers, forestry workers, hunters, and campers).
How is blastomycosis spread?The infection is spread by inhalation of airborne conidia (spores) after disturbance of contaminated soil. Blastomycosis is not known to be transmitted from person to person.What are the symptoms of a blastomycosis?
Symptomatic infection (50% of cases) usually presents as a flu-like illness with fever, chills, productive cough, myalgia, arthralgia and pleuritic chest pain. Some patients fail to recover and develop chronic pulmonary infection or widespread disseminated infection (affecting the skin, bones and genitourinary tract in particular). Blastomycosis can also occasionally affect the central nervous system, resulting in meningitis.