|Description:||Magnified 500X, this 1971 photomicrograph depicted some of the histopathologic cytoarchitectural changes associated with an infection found in a brain tissue specimen due to the presence of free-living amoebae, Naegleria gruberi. Free-living amoebae belonging to the genera Acanthamoeba, Balamuthia, and Naegleria, are important causes of disease in humans and animals.|
What is Naegleria?
Naegleria is an amoeba commonly found in the environment, in water and soil. Only one species of Naegleria has been found to infect humans, Naegleria fowleri.
How does infection with Naegleria occur?
Infection with Naegleria occurs when the amoeba enters the body through the nose while the person is swimming underwater, or diving. The amoebae then travel to the brain and spinal cord.
What are the signs and symptoms of Naegleria infection?
Infection with Naegleria causes the disease primary amebic meningoencephalitis, or PAM, a brain inflammation, which leads to the destruction of brain tissue. Initial signs and symptoms of PAM include headache, fever, nausea, vomiting, and stiff neck. The amoebae cause more extensive destruction of brain tissue, which leads to confusion, lack of attention to people and surroundings, loss of balance and bodily control, seizures, hallucinations. The disease progresses rapidly, and infection usually results in death within 3 to 7 days.