|Description:||Photograhed sometime in the 1960s, this historic image featured former Centers for Disease Control microbiologist, Dr. William Vernon Hartwell, as he was reading a print-out produced from an unidentified machine, which judging from the data, was measuring chemical samples for their content concentrations. Vern, as he liked to be called, was associated with early studies conducted in the area of Hepatitis-B virus (HBV) analyses, specializing in the realm of Australian antigen testing.|
Dr. Hartwell initially worked at the U.S. Bubonic Plague station, in San Francisco, which was located aside the Mariner’s Hospital. He was subsequently transferred in 1958, to a small branch of the U.S. Public Health Service, the Communicable Disease Center in Phoenix, Arizona, which eventually became the agency with which we’re familiar today, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
The Australian antigen was discovered in 1925, by Nobel Prize winner, Baruch S. Blumberg, M.D., while studying serum specimens acquired from Australian Aborigines, in whose blood this antigen is normally found. The antigen is located on the surface of the Hepatitis-B virus, and its presence is used when performing a differntial diagnosis, thereby, attempting to confirm the presence of HBV.