What are the symptoms of Legionnaires’ disease?
Legionnaires' disease can have symptoms like many other forms of pneumonia, so it can be hard to diagnose at first. Signs of the disease can include: a high fever, chills, and a cough. Some people may also suffer from muscle aches and headaches. Chest X-rays are needed to find the pneumonia caused by the bacteria, and other tests can be done on sputum (phlegm), as well as blood or urine to find evidence of the bacteria in the body.
Symptoms usually begin 2-14 days after being exposed to the bacteria.
A milder infection caused by the same type of Legionella bacteria is called Pontiac Fever, symptoms of which usually last for 2-5 days and may also include fever, headaches, and muscle aches; however, there is no pneumonia. Symptoms resolve on their own without treatment and without causing further problems.
Pontiac Fever and Legionnaires’ disease may also be called “Legionellosis” separately or together.