|Description:||This child with a history of leukemia presented with a maculopapular rash, which was diagnosed as a herpes-zoster outbreak due to the Varicella-zoster virus (VZV) pathogen.|
The VZV pathogen may lay dormant in the spinal nerve roots through a chickenpox-infected individuals life, only manifesting its presence through outbreaks as Shingles, or herpes zoster. Many factors may be responsible for initiating a spontaneous outbreak such as age, stress, and immunocompromised conditions. Shingles is a painful infection, which may include a blistering rash and severe burning pain, tingling, or extreme sensitivity to the skin. Symptoms last about a month. Approximately one in five people in the United States develops shingles. Studies are underway to determine if the chickenpox vaccine can help prevent or reduce the severity of shingles later in life.