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Description:A U.S. Public Health Service physician in Army uniform examines the hand of a female ordnance worker, as two other workers pour TNT into mortar shells at the Ravenna, Ohio Ordnance Plant. The Ravenna Ordnance Plant manufactured ordnance containing trinitrotoluene (TNT) for the military during World War II. Workers uniforms had only buttons. They weren’t allowed to wear anything with a zipper, because this could cause a spark (personal communication from former worker, 1993) The USPHS personnel wore Army uniforms while working on turf of this Army-run facility. The photo id badge of the woman on the left and the “ROP” logo on her work uniform are clearly visible. The photograph was made during the industrial hygiene and engineering activities conducted by U.S. Public Health Service personnel at the plant in September 1943. Occupational safety and health concerns included preventing dermatitis among the workers and reducing the risk of explosions in the plant.
Original caption: “Examination of hands of shell pourers. TNT may cause sensitization dermatitis and generalized dermatitis may occur. Clean clothes daily, a shower after work, protective gloves, and ointment are preventatives.”

The NIOSH Historic Photo Collection began as the “picture file” of the Industrial Hygiene Division of the U.S. Public Health Service (USPHS), c. 1930-1960. It is a unique collection of mid-20th Century images of American workers and workplaces and documents occupational safety and health research of that era. The collection consists of approximately 1,000 original photographs and schematic drawings.

High Resolution: Click here for hi-resolution image (5.64 MB)
Content Providers(s):CDC/ Barbara Jenkins, NIOSH
Creation Date:1943
Photo Credit:Frank H. Lucas and Harley E. Walkers
Links:United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
CDC – Nat. Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) – About NIOSH
CDC Organization
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Copyright Restrictions:None - This image is in the public domain and thus free of any copyright restrictions. As a matter of courtesy we request that the content provider be credited and notified in any public or private usage of this image.