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Description:This historic 1921 diagrammatic sketch, which had been digitally enhanced and colorized, depicted the Mankato, Minnesota municipal well, and its connections to sewers and the Minnesota River. River flooding contributed to a water-borne typhoid fever epidemic in June, 1908.
This was one of a series of instructional images used by the Minnesota Board of Health, in order to train its state public health workers. The purpose of these images and the training was focused on protecting water supplies from bacterial contamination due to incorrect disposal of waste, such as sewage, which might foul ground water, rivers, lakes, and streams. The descriptive information accompanying this drawing referred to a governmental publication with instructions describing the correct placement and construction of a detached home privy. The specific citation was, “Bracken, H.M., Bass, F. H., Whittaker, H.A. and Hill, H.W., The Mankato Typhoid Fever Epidemic of 1908, Journal of Infectious Diseases, 9:410-74, 1911”.
High Resolution: Click here for hi-resolution image (16.95 MB)
Content Providers(s):CDC/ Minnesota Department of Health, R.N. Barr Library; Librarians Melissa Rethlefsen and Marie Jones
Creation Date:1921
Photo Credit:
Links:Minnesota Health Department
Minnesota Health Department; R.N. Barr Library
CDC – Nat. Center for Infectious Diseases; Water-Related Diseases
CDC Organization
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Copyright Restrictions:None - This image is in the public domain and thus free of any copyright restrictions. As a matter of courtesy we request that the content provider be credited and notified in any public or private usage of this image.