This image shows Pakistani Field Epidemiology Training Program (PFETP) graduates, Dr. Furgan, and Dr. Muhammad Bilal Khan, in the process of obtaining a sample of a Pakistani community’s secondary source of drinking water on September 4, 2013. This water pump was situated half a kilometer away from the community, and was suspected as the water source responsible for causing diarrhea among the dependent community’s children, located in the Murree district of the Punjab province of Pakistan.
“Diarrheal diseases account for 1 in 9 child deaths worldwide, making diarrhea the second leading cause of death among children under the age of 5. For children with HIV, diarrhea is even more deadly; the death rate for these children is 11 times higher than the rate for children without HIV. Despite these sobering statistics, strides made over the last 20 years have shown that, in addition to rotavirus vaccination and breastfeeding, diarrhea prevention focused on safe water and improved hygiene and sanitation is not only possible, but cost effective: every $1 invested yields an average return of $25.50.”
See the links below for more on the management of acute diarrhea, or the FETP.