Depicted here, in this 2014 image captured in the Kota Bharu disrict of Kelantan, Malaysia, was a member of the Malaysian Field Epidemiology Training Program (MFETP) team of investigators, who was in the process of examining what would be prime breeding grounds for Aedes spp. mosquitoes, during a Dengue fever outbreak. In this particular view, the investigator was looking inside an old tire, which due to its ability to retain water, was a probable mosquito breeding ground.
The FETP trains workers on the ground to help countries build sustainable capacity for detecting and responding to health threats. The program develops in-country expertise so that disease outbreaks can be detected locally and prevented from spreading.
Since mid-2013, the number of dengue cases continues to rise across Malaysia. Members of the MFETP are involved in many dengue outbreak investigations. Their work includes identifying areas that could serve as breeding grounds for the Aedes spp. mosquitoes, a primary transmitter of dengue.
Dengue virus is a leading cause of illness and death in the tropics and subtropics. As many as 400 million people are infected yearly. There are not yet any vaccines to prevent infection with Dengue virus, and the most effective protective measures are those that avoid mosquito bites. When infected, early recognition, and prompt supportive treatment can substantially lower the risk of medical complications and death.
For more on the subject of Dengue fever, or the FETP program, see the links below.