Photographed in Muzaffarpur, Bihar, India, in 2013, this image depicted an Indian Field Epidemiology Training Program (FETP) resident, who was visiting the home of a child with a case acute encephalitis syndrome (AES). This activity took place during an AES outbreak investigation. At this point in the interview, the resident was speaking with the child’s grandmother. Here, cradled in his grandmother’s lap, the victim was currently experiencing a post-recovery CNS sequela. During the outbreak, investigators searched for possible environmental exposures associated with the disease, including toxins in the soil, and locations frequented by the children. Muzaffarpur, Bihar, India, experienced an AES outbreak from May to July 2013.