This 2007 image, created by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Public Health Advisor, Margaret Hercules with the National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Disease (NCIRD), Global Immunization Division, depicts a young child in the country of Cambodia, who was in the process of receiving his injection of measles vaccine that was being administered by a qualified public healthcare professional. As the syringe delivered its contents into the boy’s upper left arm, he looked on, expressing very little in the way of apprehension for a patient of his young age.
Measles is a highly contagious respiratory disease caused by the measles virus. The disease is also called rubeola. Measles causes fever, runny nose, cough and a rash all over the body. About one out of 10 children with measles also gets an ear infection, and up to one out of 20 gets pneumonia. For every 1,000 children who get measles, one or two will die. Adults can also get measles especially if they are not vaccinated. Children under 5 years of age and adults over 20 are at higher risk for measles complications including pneumonia, and a higher risk of hospitalization and death from measles than school aged children and adolescents.