This historic image depicts three public health personnel carrying out tasks involved in Malaria Control in War Areas (MCWA) projects.
Malaria Control in War Areas (MCWA) (1942-1945)
MCWA was established to control malaria around military training bases in the southern United States and its territories; where malaria was still problematic. Many of the bases were established in areas where mosquitoes were abundant. MCWA aimed to prevent reintroduction of malaria into the civilian population by mosquitoes that would have fed on malaria-infected soldiers; in training or returning from endemic areas. During these activities; MCWA also trained state and local health department officials in malaria control techniques and strategies.