|Description:||This image depicts two drinking glasses, which had been two-thirds filled with pasteurized cow’s milk for human consumption.|
According to the 2010 Dietary Guidelines for Americans, produced by the U.S. Dept. of Agriculture (USDA), and the U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services (HHS), “Milk and milk products contribute many nutrients, such as calcium, vitamin D (for products fortified with vitamin D), and potassium, to the diet. Moderate evidence shows that intake of milk and milk products is linked to improved bone health, especially in children and adolescents. Moderate evidence also indicates that intake of milk and milk products is associated with a reduced risk of cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes and with lower blood pressure in adults.”.
Intake of milk and milk products, including fortified soy beverages, is usually less than the recommended amounts for most adults, children and adolescents ages 4 to 18 years, and many children ages 2 to 3 years. Recommended amounts are 3 cups per day of fat-free or low-fat milk and milk products for adults and children and adolescents ages 9 to 18 years, 21/2 cups per day for children ages 4 to 8 years, and 2 cups for children ages 2 to 3 years. (See Chapter 5 for specific information and recommendations.) In general, intake is lower for females than for males and declines with age.