|Description:||This image depicts a female patient seated in a clinic, who was in the process of having some blood extracted from her left arm’s antecubital vein during a phlebotomy procedure. The gloved hands of the phlebotomist are seen securing the venipunture site: right hand holding the needle tipped catheter; right hand holding the purple-tipped blood collection vacutainer tube.|
Exposures to blood and other body fluids occur across a wide variety of occupations. Health care workers, emergency response and public safety personnel, and other workers can be exposed to blood through needlestick and other sharps injuries, mucous membrane, and skin exposures. The pathogens of primary concern are the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B virus (HBV), and hepatitis C virus (HCV). Workers and employers are urged to take advantage of available engineering controls and work practices, to prevent exposure to blood and other body fluids.