|Description:||This image depicts a Latin-American nurse and her very young patient. She was in the process of conducting a neurologic exam upon the child’s lower limbs. Note the atrophic changes evident in the boy’s legs due to his having acquired the poliovirus, and sustaining the ravages of poliomyelitis.|
“Approximately 95% of persons infected with polio will have no symptoms. About 4-8% of infected persons have minor symptoms, such as fever, fatigue, nausea, headache, flu-like symptoms, stiffness in the neck and back, and pain in the limbs, which often resolve completely. Fewer than 1% of polio cases result in permanent paralysis of the limbs (usually the legs). Of those paralyzed, 5-10% die when the paralysis strikes the respiratory muscles. The death rate increases with increasing age.”
This image is from the 1989 Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) Polio Eradication Field Guide. Beginning in 1988, the efforts of the World Health Organization (WHO), Rotary International, the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and UNICEF, through the Global Polio Eradication Initiative, has lead to the foreseeable global eradication of this viral disease. Regions that include northern India, northern Nigeria, and the Afghanistan-Pakistan border, are still “epidemiological challenges”.
The PAHO is the Regional Office of the WHO, and if you so desire to make use of this image, please seek permission to do so through the link below.