|Description:||This close-up view demonstrates the dentition within the oral cavity of a young African-American female patient, revealing the triangular-shaped deformity of her right lateral incisor, and the left central incisor, which is known as Hutchinson incisors, and is caused by a congenital syphilitic infection. In this particular case, at the time of her birth, one of this woman’s parents tested positive for syphilis.|
Congenital syphilis, is a condition caused by infection in utero with Treponema pallidum. A wide spectrum of severity exists, and only severe cases are clinically apparent at birth. An infant or child (aged less than 2 years) may have signs such as hepatosplenomegaly, rash, condyloma lata, snuffles, jaundice (nonviral hepatitis), pseudoparalysis, anemia, or edema (nephrotic syndrome and/or malnutrition). An older child may have stigmata (e.g., interstitial keratitis, nerve deafness, anterior bowing of shins, frontal bossing, mulberry molars, Hutchinson teeth, saddle nose, rhagades, or Clutton joints).