|Description:||This historic 1966 image showed a roller apparatus used in the process of growing cell cultures. In this particular view, two glass blottles were on the roller machine containing cell growth media.|
The culturing of cells enables the scientist to control the characteristics of the cells that are grown under stringently monitored conditions. Known as clones, cells grown from a single parental cell are genetically identical. Some cultures, known as heterogeneous, produce cells of differing genetic profiles. Cell cultures enable scientists to closely study the biochemical processes associated with cell growth and development in a controlled setting, this includes what effects the addition of various chemicals would have upon these cultured cells, as well as the addition of other cell types. Given their purity, when cell cultures are grown in large numbers, they many be used in the synthesis of a wide variety of chemicals, including antibiotics.