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16878

PHIL Image 16878

ID#:16878
Description:This illustration depicts a three-dimensional (3D) computer-generated image of a number of rod-shaped, drug-resistant Shigella bacteria. The artistic recreation was based upon scanning electron micrographic imagery. Note that the exterior of the Shigella bacterium is fimbriated, covered by numerous thin, hair-like projections, imparting a furry appearance.

Shigella usually causes diarrhea (sometimes bloody), fever, and abdominal pain. Sometimes it causes serious complications such as reactive arthritis. High-risk groups include young children, people with inadequate handwashing and hygiene habits, and men who have sex with men.

Resistance to traditional first-line drugs such as ampicillin and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole has become so high that physicians must now rely on alternative drugs like ciprofloxacin and azithromycin to treat infections, drugs to which Shigella has shown resistance. Resistant infections can last longer than infections with susceptible bacteria (bacteria that can be treated effectively with antibiotics).

Shigella causes approximately 500,000 diarrheal illnesses, 5,500 hospitalizations, and 40 deaths each year in the United States. CDC is seeing resistance to ciprofloxacin in 1.6% of the Shigella cases tested and resistance to azithromycin in approximately 3%. Because initial treatment can fail, costs are expected to be higher for resistant infections.

High Resolution:High resolution download is not available for this image
Content Providers(s):CDC/ Melissa Brower
Creation Date:2013
Photo Credit:
Links:
  • CDC - National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases (NCEZID); Division of Foodborne, Waterborne, and Environmental Diseases (DFWED); Shigellosis: General Information
  • CDC – CDC News Room; Digital Press Kit: i>”Untreatable: Today’s Drug-Resistant Health Threats”
    Categories:
    CDC Organization

    MeSH
    tree picture Anatomy
    tree picture tree picture Digestive System
    tree picturetree picture tree picture Gastrointestinal Tract
    tree picturetree picturetree picture tree picture Intestines
    tree picture Biological Sciences
    tree picture tree picture Biological Phenomena, Cell Phenomena, and Immunity
    tree picturetree picture tree picture Biological Phenomena
    tree picturetree picturetree picture tree picture Microbiologic Phenomena
    tree picturetree picturetree picturetree picture tree picture Drug Resistance, Microbial
    tree picturetree picturetree picturetree picturetree picture tree picture Drug Resistance, Bacterial
    tree picturetree picturetree picturetree picturetree picturetree picture tree picture beta-Lactam Resistance
    tree picturetree picturetree picturetree picturetree picturetree picturetree picture tree picture Penicillin Resistance
    tree picturetree picturetree picturetree picturetree picturetree picturetree picturetree picture tree picture Ampicillin Resistance
    tree picturetree picturetree picturetree picturetree picturetree picture tree picture Trimethoprim Resistance
    tree picture tree picture Chemical and Pharmacologic Phenomena
    tree picturetree picture tree picture Drug Resistance
    tree picturetree picturetree picture tree picture Drug Resistance, Microbial
    tree picturetree picturetree picturetree picture tree picture Drug Resistance, Bacterial
    tree picturetree picturetree picturetree picturetree picture tree picture beta-Lactam Resistance
    tree picturetree picturetree picturetree picturetree picturetree picture tree picture Penicillin Resistance
    tree picturetree picturetree picturetree picturetree picturetree picturetree picture tree picture Ampicillin Resistance
    tree picturetree picturetree picturetree picturetree picture tree picture Trimethoprim Resistance
    tree picture Chemicals and Drugs
    tree picture tree picture Carbohydrates and Hypoglycemic Agents
    tree picturetree picture tree picture Carbohydrates
    tree picturetree picturetree picture tree picture Glycosides
    tree picturetree picturetree picturetree picture tree picture Macrolides
    tree picturetree picturetree picturetree picturetree picture tree picture Erythromycin
    tree picturetree picturetree picturetree picturetree picturetree picture tree picture Azithromycin
    tree picture tree picture Heterocyclic Compounds
    tree picturetree picture tree picture Heterocyclic Compounds, 1-Ring
    tree picturetree picturetree picture tree picture Pyrimidines
    tree picturetree picturetree picturetree picture tree picture Trimethoprim
    tree picturetree picturetree picturetree picturetree picture tree picture Trimethoprim-Sulfamethoxazole Combination
    tree picturetree picture tree picture Heterocyclic Compounds, 2-Ring
    tree picturetree picturetree picture tree picture Bicyclo Compounds, Heterocyclic
    tree picturetree picturetree picturetree picture tree picture Penicillins
    tree picturetree picturetree picturetree picturetree picture tree picture Penicillin G
    tree picturetree picturetree picturetree picturetree picturetree picture tree picture Ampicillin
    tree picturetree picturetree picture tree picture Quinolines
    tree picturetree picturetree picturetree picture tree picture Quinolones
    tree picturetree picturetree picturetree picturetree picture tree picture Fluoroquinolones
    tree picturetree picturetree picturetree picturetree picturetree picture tree picture Ciprofloxacin
    tree picturetree picture tree picture Heterocyclic Compounds, Bridged-Ring
    tree picturetree picturetree picture tree picture Bicyclo Compounds, Heterocyclic
    tree picturetree picturetree picturetree picture tree picture Penicillins
    tree picturetree picturetree picturetree picturetree picture tree picture Penicillin G
    tree picturetree picturetree picturetree picturetree picturetree picture tree picture Ampicillin
    tree picture tree picture Organic Chemicals
    tree picturetree picture tree picture Amides
    tree picturetree picturetree picture tree picture Lactams
    tree picturetree picturetree picturetree picture tree picture Penicillins
    tree picturetree picturetree picturetree picturetree picture tree picture Penicillin G
    tree picturetree picturetree picturetree picturetree picturetree picture tree picture Ampicillin
    tree picturetree picturetree picture tree picture Sulfonamides
    tree picturetree picturetree picturetree picture tree picture Sulfanilamides
    tree picturetree picturetree picturetree picturetree picture tree picture Sulfamethoxazole
    tree picturetree picturetree picturetree picturetree picturetree picture tree picture Trimethoprim-Sulfamethoxazole Combination
    tree picturetree picture tree picture Lactones
    tree picturetree picturetree picture tree picture Macrolides
    tree picturetree picturetree picturetree picture tree picture Erythromycin
    tree picturetree picturetree picturetree picturetree picture tree picture Azithromycin
    tree picturetree picture tree picture Sulfur Compounds
    tree picturetree picturetree picture tree picture Sulfones
    tree picturetree picturetree picturetree picture tree picture Sulfonamides
    tree picturetree picturetree picturetree picturetree picture tree picture Sulfanilamides
    tree picturetree picturetree picturetree picturetree picturetree picture tree picture Sulfamethoxazole
    tree picturetree picturetree picturetree picturetree picturetree picturetree picture tree picture Trimethoprim-Sulfamethoxazole Combination
    tree picture Diseases
    tree picture tree picture Bacterial Infections and Mycoses
    tree picturetree picture tree picture Bacterial Infections
    tree picturetree picturetree picture tree picture Gram-Negative Bacterial Infections
    tree picturetree picturetree picturetree picture tree picture Enterobacteriaceae Infections
    tree picturetree picturetree picturetree picturetree picture tree picture Dysentery, Bacillary
    tree picture tree picture Digestive System Diseases
    tree picturetree picture tree picture Gastrointestinal Diseases
    tree picturetree picturetree picture tree picture Gastroenteritis
    tree picturetree picturetree picturetree picture tree picture Dysentery
    tree picturetree picturetree picturetree picturetree picture tree picture Dysentery, Bacillary
    tree picturetree picturetree picture tree picture Intestinal Diseases
    tree picturetree picturetree picturetree picture tree picture Dysentery
    tree picturetree picturetree picturetree picturetree picture tree picture Dysentery, Bacillary
    tree picture Organisms
    tree picture tree picture Bacteria
    tree picturetree picture tree picture Gram-Negative Bacteria
    tree picturetree picturetree picture tree picture Gram-Negative Facultatively Anaerobic Rods
    tree picturetree picturetree picturetree picture tree picture Enterobacteriaceae
    tree picturetree picturetree picturetree picturetree picture tree picture Shigella
    tree picturetree picture tree picture Proteobacteria
    tree picturetree picturetree picture tree picture Gammaproteobacteria
    tree picturetree picturetree picturetree picture tree picture Enterobacteriaceae
    tree picturetree picturetree picturetree picturetree picture tree picture Shigella
    Copyright Restrictions:None - This image is in the public domain and thus free of any copyright restrictions. As a matter of courtesy we request that the content provider be credited and notified in any public or private usage of this image.
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    This page last reviewed: Mar. 18 2005
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