|Description:||This photograph depicts an African dwarf frog, Hymenochirus boettgeri.|
CDC is collaborating with public health officials in many states to investigate a multistate outbreak of human Salmonella, serotype typhimurium infections, due to contact with water frogs including African dwarf frogs. Water frogs commonly live in aquariums or fish tanks. Amphibians and reptiles, i.e., frogs and turtles, are recognized as a source of human Salmonella infections. In the course of routine assessment, a number of cases with the same strain have been identified over many months.
Most persons infected with Salmonella develop diarrhea, fever, and abdominal cramps 1272 hours after infection. Infection is usually diagnosed by culture of a stool sample. The illness usually lasts from 4 to 7 days. Although most people recover without treatment, severe infections may occur. Infants, elderly persons, and those with weakened immune systems are more likely than others to develop severe illness. When severe infection occurs, Salmonella may spread from the intestines to the bloodstream and then to other body sites and can cause death unless the person is treated promptly with antibiotics.